A “Means and Includes” Definition VI

The definition of the expression ‘shared household’ in Section 2(s) of The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 uses the familiar legislative formula of a “means and includes” definition; where the definition of an expression in an enactment adopts a “means and includes” stipulation, it is intended to be exhaustive; the ‘means’ part of the definition indicates what would normally fall within the ambit of the expression, while the ‘includes’ element gives it an extended meaning; together they indicate, Legislature has provided for an exhaustive enumeration of what falls within the ambit of the definition.

The definition of ‘shared household’ is exhaustive. This has also recently been held in Satish Chander Ahuja v. Sneha Ahuja, [Civil Appeal No. 2483 of 2020].

Hon’ble Justice Dr. D.Y. Chandrachud, Smt. S. Vanitha v. The Deputy Commissioner, Bengaluru Urban District, [Civil Appeal No. 3822 of 2020].