“What’s in a name?“, said Juliet. It conveys, natural characteristics of an individual are more important than his/her artificial/acquired characteristics. A poetic statement as it certainly is, it does not go in tune with significance of a ‘name’ in marking identity of an individual in his/her societal transactions. An individual must be in complete control […]Read more "Names in CBSE Certificates"
Danish Khan & Ruhi Khan, Escaped, (Penguin, 2021) is beautifully detailed. The number of facts cited must be appreciated. It doesn’t matter whether the story is on Vijay Mallya or successful extradition of Hansie Cronje times Sanjeev Chawla or forgotten excuses of Raymond Varley who brought Goa to disrepute. Each one will educate. Excerpt follows. […]Read more "Extraditable Fugitives II"
N.V. International v. State of Assam, (2020) 2 SCC 109 has been wrongly decided and is therefore overruled. For appeals filed under Section 37 of The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 that are governed by Articles 116 and 117 of The Limitation Act, 1963 or Section 13(1A) of The Commercial Courts Act, 2015 a delay […]Read more "Section 37 of The Arbitration Act III"
My Lord, Appeal under Section 37(1)(c) would be maintainable against an Order refusing to condone delay in filing an Application under Section 34? Yes. It is important to note, the expression “setting aside or refusing to set aside” an Arbitral Award has to be read with the expression “under Section 34”. A refusal to set […]Read more "Section 37 of The Arbitration Act II"
Special Leave Petition has been filed with a delay of 663 days. Supreme Court of India cannot be a place for the Governments to walk in when they choose, ignoring the period of limitation prescribed. No doubt, some leeway is given for the Government inefficiencies. But, the sad part is, authorities keep on relying on […]Read more "Condonation of Delay VIII: 663"
The disqualification under Section 8 of The Representation of People Act, 1951 is relatable to Article 191(1)(e). Therefore, any interpretation to Section 8 should be in sync with the constitutional scheme. Once the period of disqualification starts running, the seat, hitherto held by the person disqualified, becomes vacant by virtue of Article 190(3). His name […]Read more "Timing of Votes"
There can be no doubt, the principle which appears to have evolved over a period of time is, the law frowns upon determining a day with reference to its fractions. The principle, ‘fractions of the day’ are eschewed from consideration, is not a universal principle which knows no exceptions. Clearly the context and the purpose […]Read more "Day-Fraction"
The issue of limitation for enforcement of foreign awards, being procedural in nature, is subject to the law of the forum where the foreign award is sought to be enforced. The Arbitration Act, 1996 does not specify any period of limitation for filing an application for enforcement of a foreign award. Section 43 provides, The […]Read more "The Plea of Limitation XIV: Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards / The Revival of Ray LIII"
The Commercial Courts Act, 2015 through Section 16 has amended The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 in its application to commercial disputes. Whereas commercial disputes [as defined under Section 2(c) of The Commercial Courts Act, 2015] are governed by CPC as amended by Section 16 of the said Act, all other non-commercial disputes fall within […]Read more "Order 8, Rule 1 of The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 II"
“From a consideration of the view taken by this Court, through the decisions cited, the position is clear that, by and large, a liberal approach is to be taken in the matter of condonation of delay. The consideration would not depend on the status of the party so as to apply a different yardstick. The […]Read more "Condonation of Delay VII: 916"
“When an ex-parte decree is passed, there are two remedies – either (a) file an application under Order 9, Rule 13; or (b) file an appeal under Section 96(2). The question to be considered is whether the two options are to be exercised simultaneously or can also be exercised consecutively. If the appeal under Section […]Read more "Order 9, Rule 13 of The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908"
“Section 48(1) of The Himachal Pradesh Value Added Tax Act, 2005: 48. Revision to High Court. (1) Any person aggrieved by an order made by the Tribunal under Sub-Section (2) of Section 45 or under Sub-Section (3) of Section 46, may, within 90 days of the communication of such order, apply to the High Court […]Read more "The Plea of Limitation XI: Inclusion of Section 5 of The Limitation Act, 1963"
A suit was filed on 10.03.2017. The defendant was served with summons on 14.07.2017. 120 days from this date takes us to 11.11.2017. No written statement had been filed. However, an Order 7, Rule 11 application was filed. The Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts Act, 2015 came into force […]Read more "Order 8, Rule 1 of The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 I"
“Appeal arises from the Judgment of a Learned Single Judge of the High Court of Calcutta by which the Respondent’s Application for condoning a delay of 514 days in filing an Application under Section 34 of The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 was allowed. This Court needs to assess whether the benefit of Sections 5 […]Read more "Section 34(3) of The Arbirtration Act I"
‘Beyond which number is it strange if a delay is condoned?’ We have been hunting for the single noble equation. Ponnayal v. Karuppan (Dead), [Civil Appeals No. 9558-9559 of 2018] reflects the Appellant’s journey to the Supreme Court twice . The Appellant, first, appealed against a Judgement of a HC, with a delay of 2088 days. […]Read more "Condonation of Delay VI: 2088, 1405"
State of Jharkhand through SP, CBI occasioned a delay of 157, 113 and 222 days in filing appeals before the SC against Lalu Prasad [Crl. A. 394/2017], Sajal Chakraborty [Crl. A. 393/2017] & Dr. Jagannath Mishra [Crl. A. 395/2017]. It was submitted by Ram Jethmalani that the averments made in the applications seeking condonation of […]Read more "Condonation of Delay V: 157, 113, 222"
In Domestic Arbitrations, if an Order is Not Appealable under Section 37(1) of The Arbitration Act, it would not be subject to Appeal under The Letters Patent of a High Court. My Lord, Intra-Court Letters Patent Appeal [Clause 15 of The Letters Patent of High Court at Calcutta] against Single Judge Order on Application for […]Read more "Section 37 of The Arbitration Act I"
“There is inordinate delay of 1186 days in filing the SLPs.” “There is gross delay of almost 3 1/2 years in challenging the Judgment rendered in the Writ Appeal and no explanation much less cogent explanation has been given by the Appellant.” “There is no reason to condone the delay.” – Hon’ble Justice C. Nagappan, […]Read more "Condonation of Delay IV: 1186"
“Section 18(2) of The SARFAESI Act provides that the Appellate Tribunal shall follow the provisions of The Recovery of Debts Due to Banks and Financial Institutions Act, 1993 in disposing of the appeal unless otherwise provided under The SARFAESI Act or the Rules made thereunder. The proviso to Section 20(3) of The RDDBFI Act empowers […]Read more "Condonation of Delay III: Section 18, SARFAESI Act Appeals"
Defendants were set ex-parte, in a suit praying for refund of an advance amount with interest. There was a delay of 355 days in filing the application to set aside the ex-parte decree. The Principal District Judge, Thanjavur condoned the 355-day delay subject to the condition of deposit of the entire ‘principal prayed amount’. SC considered […]Read more "Condonation of Delay II: 355"