152.8 Grams of Heroin

Shaikh Istiyaq Ahmed was convicted by Supreme Court of Mauritius for possession of 152.8 grams of heroin and was sentenced to imprisonment for 26 years. He was transferred to India as per The Repatriation of Prisoners Act, 2003 on 04/03/2016. Incompatibility with Indian law is with reference to enforcement of sentence, imposed by Supreme Court […]

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Act of God

As many as 35,642 cases of Indian Made Foreign Liquor of different brands got destroyed in fire on 10/04/2003. We need not delve, for present purpose, on classification or various other jurisprudential features of ‘liability’. We are primarily concerned with question of ‘liability’ arising out of ‘negligence’. Without multiplying case law, sufficient it would be […]

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Review of Death Penalty XXIV

In our opinion, it is a sound and well-­established rule of law, Court is concerned with quality and not with quantity of evidence necessary for proving or dis­proving a fact. Generally speaking, oral testimony in this context may be classi­fied into three categories, namely: (1) wholly reliable; (2) wholly unreliable; (3) neither wholly reliable nor […]

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Review of Death Penalty XXIII

It is clear, for resting a conviction in case of circumstantial evidence, circumstances from which conclusion of guilt is to be drawn should be fully established and all facts so established should be consistent only with hypothesis of guilt. There must be a chain of evidence so complete as not to leave any reasonable ground […]

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900 Grams of Smack

24.04.2011 – Kallu Khan, riding an unnumbered motorcycle, turned back and tried to run away. Suspecting his conduct, he was apprehended and questioned. Eventually, a polythene bag, containing a brown substance resembling and confirmed to be smack, weighing 900 grams, was found in Kallu’s motorcycle. It was contended, motorcycle seized in commission of offence does […]

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Review of Death Penalty XXII

Mofil Khan v. State of Jharkhand, [Review Petition (Criminal) No. 641 of 2015 in Criminal Appeal No. 1795 of 2009] has observed, possibility of reformation and rehabilitation of convict is an important factor which has to be taken into account as a mitigating circumstance. It is also our duty to take into consideration, state of mind of […]

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Faction-Ridden Village Community

A land dispute caused loss of life of Abdul Wahab. An endeavour to escape by taking shelter did not succeed. Taijuddin said, “Wahab is there in house of Shorab“. It is right, mere fact of not being brave enough to conceal where Wahab was hiding doesn’t make Taijuddin part of an unlawful assembly. Once we […]

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Witness Protection

Mrinal Das v. State of Tripura, (2011) 9 SCC 479 observed, credible evidence even of a hostile witness can form basis for conviction in a criminal trial. It is a harsh reality, particularly, in those cases where accused persons/criminals are tried for heinous offences, or where accused persons are influential persons or in a dominating […]

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Review of Death Penalty XXI

It would be profitable to refer to Mohd. Mannan v. State of Bihar, (2019) 16 SCC 584 in which it was held, before imposing extreme penalty of Death Sentence, Court should satisfy itself Death Sentence is imperative, as otherwise convict would be a threat to society and there is no possibility of reform or rehabilitation […]

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Section 307, Indian Penal Code

It is by now a lucid dictum, for purpose of constituting an offence under Section 307, IPC, there are two ingredients – first, whether there was any intention or knowledge on part of accused to cause death of victim, and, second, such intent or knowledge was followed by some overt actus rea in execution thereof, […]

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Colorable Investigation

There is a subtle difference between a defective investigation and one brought forth by a calculated and deliberate action or inaction. While dealing with a defective investigation, Court is expected to sift evidence available and find out truth. Every case involves a journey towards truth. We are distressed to note, investigation has not been conducted […]

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Claim of Juvenility

A claim of juvenility may be raised at any stage of a criminal proceeding, even after a final disposal. An application claiming juvenility could be made either before Court or JJ Board. It is neither feasible nor desirable to lay down an abstract formula to determine age of a person. It has to be on […]

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Ut Res Magis Valeat Quam Pereat

The act of ‘touching’ sexual part of body or any other act involving ‘physical contact’, if done with ‘sexual intent’, would amount to ‘sexual assault’ within meaning of Section 7 of The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012. Restricting interpretation of words ‘touch’ or ‘physical contact’ to ‘skin to skin contact’ would not […]

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Injured Eye-Witness

Refaz Kotwar stabbed Mohd. Jamil Kotwar with a dagger. We see no reason to doubt testimony of witnesses examined. PW7 and PW8 are injured eye-witnesses. State of Madhya Pradesh v. Mansingh, (2003) 10 SCC 414 held, evidence of an injured eye-witness has great evidentiary value and unless compelling reasons exist, their statements are not to […]

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Review of Death Penalty XX

High Court of Karnataka confirmed Death Sentence for Irappa Siddappa Murgannavar. Shanti Devi v. State of Rajasthan, (2012) 12 SCC 158 had considered, factum of recovery of body at instance of accused is a strong circumstance for conviction. Similar is Ranjit Kumar Haldar v. State of Sikkim, (2019) 7 SCC 684. On an overall view […]

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Vicarious Liability

Girdhari Lal Gupta v. D.H. Mehta, (1971) 3 SCC 189; State of Karnataka v. Pratap Chand, (1981) 2 SCC 335; Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Ram Kishan Rohtagi, (1983) 1 SCC 1; Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Purshotam Dass Jhunjunwala, (1983) 1 SCC 9; National Small Industries Corporation Limited v. Harmeet Singh Paintal, (2010) 3 […]

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