Janhit Abhiyan v. Union of India, Writ Petition (Civil) No. 55 of 2019 As laid down by this Court, just as equals cannot be treated unequally, unequals also cannot be treated equally. Treating economically weaker sections of citizens as a separate class would be a reasonable classification and could not be termed as an […]Read more "Compensatory Discrimination / The Revival of Ray LXXXVII"
As such, ‘poppy straw’ would mean all parts of ‘opium poppy’ except seeds; ‘opium poppy’ has been defined under Section 2(xvii)(a) of The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 to mean, “the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L.”. Section 15 of 1985 Act provides for punishment for contravention in relation to ‘poppy straw’. […]Read more "Papaver Somniferum L."
The ‘essential religious practices’ of followers of Sikh faith cannot be made basis of wearing of Hijab/Headscarf by believers of Islamic faith. _____ Secularism is more than a passive attitude of religious tolerance. It is a positive concept of equal treatment of all religions. Equality before law cannot be breached by State on basis of […]Read more "Referred to Larger Bench XXXII: Hijab II"
There exists a clear conflict. It is necessary to have clarity. _____ Same-Day Sentencing in a Capital Offence violates Principles of Natural Justice and is opposed to Section 235(2) of The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. Dattaraya v. State of Maharashtra, (2020) 14 SCC 290; Bhagwani v. State of Madhya Pradesh, Criminal Appeal Nos. […]Read more "Referred to Larger Bench XXXI: Two Sets of Three-Judge Benches"
Three Judges, on 11.01.2021, in Union of India v. M/s. Tantia Constructions Limited, Special Leave Petition (Civil) 12670 of 2020 prima facie disagreed with Three Judges in Central Organisation for Railway Electrification v. M/s. ECI-SPIC-SMO-MCML (JV), Civil Appeal No. 9486-9487 of 2019. Three Judges, on 16.08.2022, in JSW Steel v. South Western Railway, Special Leave […]Read more "Referred to Larger Bench XXX: Section 12(5) of The Arbitration Act V"
Sangeetaben Mahendrabhai Patel v. State of Gujarat, (2012) 7 SCC 621 [B.S. Chauhan and J.S. Khehar JJ] followed in V.S. Reddy and Sons v. Muthyala Ramalinga Reddy, Criminal Appeal No. 1285 of 2015 [Dipak Misra and Prafulla C. Pant JJ] has taken a different view from G. Sagar Suri v. State of U.P., (2000) 2 […]Read more "Referred to Larger Bench XXIX: Double Jeopardy"
Himanshu Kumar claims to be running an NGO: Vanvasi Chetna Ashram. Himanshu’s Writ Petition relates to an alleged massacre on 17th September, 2009 and 1st October, 2009 in Gachhanpalli, Gompad and Belpocha situated in District of Dantewada, State of Chhattisgarh. An aggrieved person can only claim, offence he alleges be investigated properly. But, he has […]Read more "5 Lakhs for Supreme Court II"
The principle of a ‘public servant holding office at pleasure’ of a President or Governor is incorporated in Article 310. See, Roshan Lal Tandon v. Union of India, (1968) 1 SCR 185; Union of India v. Tulsiram Patel, (1985) 3 SCC 398; B.P. Singhal v. Union of India, (2010) 6 SCC 331. _____ We have […]Read more "The Rules of The Game Principle VII"
Court must examine ambit of Doctrine of Group of Companies. Ever since expounded in Chloro Controls India Pvt. Ltd. v. Severn Trent Water Purification Inc., (2013) 1 SCC 641 it has been utilized in a varied manner. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd. v. Canara Bank, (2020) 12 SCC 767 observed, Group of Companies Doctrine can be […]Read more "Referred to Larger Bench XXVIII: Chloro Controls"
Bharat Damodar Kale v. State of Andhra Pradesh, (2003) 8 SCC 559 and Japani Sahoo v. Chandra Sekhar Mohanty, (2007) 7 SCC 394 as against Krishna Pillai v. T.A. Rajendran, 1990 (Supp.) SCC 121 was Referred to a Three Judge Bench which in turn Referred to a Larger Bench. Sarah Mathew v. Institute of Cardio […]Read more "Section 468 of The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973"
A party should not be penalized for failing to adopt legal proceedings when facts or documents have been wilfully concealed from him. A party who had acted fraudulently should not be given benefit of limitation, running in its favor, by virtue of such frauds [Pallav Sheth v. Custodian, (2001) 7 SCC 549]. Section 17 of […]Read more "Referred to Larger Bench XXVII: The Drastic Power of Rejecting a Plaint IV"
The expression ‘offence’ in Section 19 of The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 would include all ‘offences’ under The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 including ‘offence’ under Section 23. In our society, victims of ‘sexual offence’ are, more often than not, treated as an ‘abettor’, if not ‘perpetrator’, even […]Read more "Referred to Larger Bench XXVI: Offence"
Whether, and if so where, an employee should be posted are matters which are governed by exigencies of service; an employee has no fundamental right or a vested right to claim a transfer or posting of their choice; individual convenience of persons who are employed in service is subject to overarching needs of administration. Court […]Read more "Proportionality in Culture of Justification II"
By a Notification dated 03/12/2011, Staff Selection Commission invited applications for recruitment of Constables (GD) in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) such as ITBP, BSF, CISF, CRPF and SSB and of Rifleman (GD) in Assam Rifles. My Lord, Candidates who have indicated preference to a Particular Service can be kept out of consideration for appointment […]Read more "The Rules of The Game Principle VI / Recruitment of Constable, Rifleman"
Oriental Insurance Company Limited had insured Jaina Construction Company’s Tata Aiwa Truck [Registration No. RJ-02-098177], purchased on 31/10/2007, which was robbed by some miscreants on 04/11/2007. It may be noted, there was conflict of decisions of Two-Judge Benches of this Court. Three-Judge Bench in Gurshinder Singh v. Shriram General Insurance Company Ltd., (2020) 11 SCC […]Read more "Contracts of Insurance V"
Judgments cited on changing ‘rules of game midway’ referred to changes in selection criteria or procedure for selection. Those cases are distinguishable from case before us. _____ An examination can only reflect current competence of an individual but not gamut of their potential, capabilities or excellence, which are also shaped by lived experiences, subsequent training […]Read more "The Rules of The Game Principle V / The Revival of Ray LXXIX"
The number of candidates was not quite large. 4270 in U.P. Public Service Commission v. Subhash Chandra Dixit, (2003) 12 SCC 70. 51524 and 5748 in preliminary and main examinations respectively in Sanjay Singh v. U.P. Public Service Commission, Allahabad, (2007) 3 SCC 720. 3000 in Mahinder Kumar v. High Court of Madhya Pradesh, (2013) […]Read more "The Rules of The Game Principle IV"
The question had been floating for a while. It was January 1, 2019 when I wondered who amongst then Chief Justices of HCs, if elevated, could be our 51st CJI. January 18, 2019 – we finally received an answer. CJI No. 51 would be Hon’ble Justice Sanjiv Khanna who wasn’t ever a Chief Justice of […]Read more "The Nature of Judicial Power: Article No. 1101"
Learned Senior Counsel made a request to wait for a decision. “We do not consider it necessary to do so.” Only after Reference to Larger Bench in State Bank of India v. Sheo Shankar Tewari, (2019) 5 SCC 600 this Court decided Indian Bank v. Promila, (2020) 2 SCC 729; N.C. Santhosh v. State of […]Read more "Compassionate Appointment IV"
Court has propounded several tests for determining reasonableness for purpose of Article 19(1)(g). These have ranged from testing restrictions for arbitrariness [Dwarka, AIR 1954 SC 224; Shree Meenakshi Mills, AIR 1974 SC 366], excessiveness [Chintaman Rao, AIR 1951 SC 118] and discerning their objective of compliance with Directive Principles of State Policy [Saghir Ahmad, (1955) […]Read more "Proportionality in Culture of Justification I"