Promissory Estoppel VIII

State of Jharkhand v. Brahmputra Metallics Ltd., Ranchi, 2020 SCC OnLine SC 968 observed, Doctrine of Legitimate Expectation, a public law concept, is premised on principles of fairness and non-arbitrariness in State action. Doctrine of Legitimate Expectation emerges as a facet of Article 14. Promissory Estoppel, being a private law concept, can be invoked if State has entered into a private contract with another entity but is inapplicable where a representation has been made by State in discharge of its public functions. Doctrine of Legitimate Expectation is applicable in latter situation. Court noted, in India, Doctrine of Promissory Estoppel and Doctrine of Legitimate Expectation have been conflated.

Hon’ble Justice Dr. D.Y. Chandrachud, Indian Ex-Servicemen Movement v. Union of India, [Writ Petition (Civil) No. 419 of 2016].